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Climate

Sunshine on the southern country, the home of rice and fishes

Located to the south of Tropic of Cancer, Pingtung County has a tropical monsoon climate. Without much temperature difference throughout the year, the average annual temperature is 25.50C. Nicknamed the “tropical capital,” it has 9 months of hot weather. Although the summer in Pingtung is exceptionally long, it is not particularly hot. Conditioned by Taiwan Strait and Bashi Channel and the ocean monsoons, the temperature is moderate there. July is the hottest month of the year; however, its temperature is lower than the average temperature in other places in Taiwan.

With Dawu Mountain and the Central Mountains as the natural barriers, they shield the cold northeasterly monsoon. Located at a low altitude, there is plenty of sunshine during the winter, which is not obvious in Pingtung County. Other than a few cold days during the cold fronts in winter, the sunshine in the southern country still shine over the place, provide heat and light. January is the coldest month of the year, and its average temperature is just 19.50C.

With plenty of sunshine and a long summer, Pingtung can harvest three times a year (two seasons for paddy rice and one season for mixed grains). With the fertile soil around, it also transform this place into a fruit kingdom. The wax apples grown here are sweet and crunchy; coconuts, thirst soothing; mangoes, tasty; bananas, delicate and sweet; pineapples, juicy and more. Providing people with different kinds of fruits throughout the seasons, it is an authentic fruit kingdom indeed.

This southern country is not too hot during the summer, not too cold during the winter. With simple people and prolific natural resources, its temperature is friendly. However, from time to time, when the downslope wind or typhoon comes, there may be disasters as well.

Neighboring Bashi Channel, Hengchung Peninsula is a place frequently attacked by typhoons, which bring downpours to the place, causing floods and landslides. As a result, it brings damage to the fishery and agriculture there. Meanwhile, the downslope wind is a special natural phenomenon in Hangchung Peninsular. It is a variation of northeasterly monsoon. Every year, the northeasterly monsoon strengthens after September. The plateaus and tablelands in this area are not too high. When the winter monsoons blow from the east coast, they climb up the mountains in accordance with their contours, and then descend at a high speed, creating strong downslope winds. These downslope winds are very powerful, like a typhoon. They begin to ease during the winter, and end in April of the following year.